Wandering Thoughts archives

2005-12-03

CBL listings broken down by ISP

Chris Lewis of Nortel recently posted a breakdown of CBL listings by ISP in news.admin.net-abuse.email. Here's the top ten of his listing:

375649 chinanet.cn.net
130245 cnc-noc.net
102931 telekom.gov.tr
80936 kornet.net
67721 tpnet.pl
51671 dtag.de
47246 rain.fr
33678 interbusiness.it
33500 hananet.net
28433 hinet.net

The article itself can be found here (Message-ID <dmnk30$6m5$2@zcars129.ca.nortel.com>), and is worth reading for the full list.

The resulting subthread suggested that US-based ISPs are so low in the listings because many of them have blocks on outgoing port 25 connections from cablemodem and home DSL lines.

I'm a bit surprised by the list; I had no idea China was so bad (note that cnc-noc.net is Chinese), or that Turkey would be in third place. dtag.de (Deutsche Telekom) doesn't surprise me at all, as I have a number of systems that have been slammed by a large and aggressive collection of open proxies in their t-dialin.net and t-ipconnect.de domains.

spam/LewisCBLByISP written at 22:52:21; Add Comment

How to do TCP keepalives in Python

TCP keepalives are do-nothing packets the TCP layer can send to see if a connection is still alive or if the remote end has gone unreachable (due to a machine crash, a network problem, or whatever). Keepalives are not default TCP behavior (at least not in any TCP stack that conforms to the RFCs), so you have to specifically turn them on. (There are various reasons why this is sensible.)

In Python you can do this with the .setsockopt() socket method, using the socket.SO_KEEPALIVE option and setting a value of integer 1. The only mystery is what the level parameter should be; despite what you might guess, it is socket.SOL_SOCKET. So a complete code example is:

import socket
def setkeepalives(sck):
  sck.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, \
                 socket.SO_KEEPALIVE, 1)

Various sources recommend turning keepalives on as soon as possible after you have the socket.

(Keepalives are only applicable to TCP sockets, so one might expect SOL_TCP or at least SOL_IP, but no; they are a generic socket level option. Go figure.)

On Linux, you can control various bits of keepalive behavior by setting the additional SOL_TCP integer parameters TCP_KEEPIDLE, TCP_KEEPINTVL, and TCP_KEEPCNT; Python defines them all in the socket module. See the tcp(7) manpage for details. The default values are found in /proc/sys/net/ipv4 in the files tcp_keepalive_time, tcp_keepalive_intvl, and tcp_keepalive_probes, and are fairly large.

python/TcpKeepalivesInPython written at 03:17:29; Add Comment


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