Linux kernel asynchronous IO doesn't work on sockets
I've been considering writing a fully asynchronous ATA over Ethernet target driver (I'm not entirely happy with the current one and its performance). If Linux asynchronous IO worked on sockets (specifically raw network sockets), there is a nice simple design where you just set up a pool of buffers and then cycle each one through a little state machine (network in to disk IO to network out).
(This works especially great for AOE because the protocol is both based on raw packets and completely unordered, so you never have to do packet reassembly and can treat each request independently.)
Unfortunately, a limitation of the current Linux kernel AIO support is
that it doesn't support asynchronous IO on sockets; attempts to do async
IO on them get silently converted into a synchronous operation when you
submit the request. Although I haven't tested this, my impression is
that the only things that currently support asynchronous IO is block
O_DIRECT IO, probably only on local filesystems.
(I believe that within the kernel, the marker to look for is things that return either -EIOCBQUEUED or -EIOCBRETRY when processing requests. In the relatively bleeding edge kernel source I happen to have handy, there doesn't seem to be very much that qualifies.)
Of course, the 'wait for aio IO to complete' system call has the traditional problem with new event systems in Unix: it only waits on aio events, which means that there's no good way to mix waiting for aio events with waiting for anything else. I'm kind of annoyed that people are still designing new system call interfaces with this problem.
(Technically, very recent kernels have an
eventfd() system that one
can hook to aio so that when aio IO completes, you get something on the
eventfd file descriptor, and you can
poll() for it. In a
year or three, I might actually be able to use that on the systems I'm