Ubuntu once again fails at a good kernel security update announcement
Ubuntu just sent out USN-2700-1, a 14.04 LTS announcement about a kernel update for CVE-2015-3290, CVE-2015-3291, and CVE-2015-5157. People with good memories may at this point remember USN-2688-1, a 14.04 LTS announcement about a kernel update for CVE-2015-3290, CVE-2015-1333, CVE-2015-3291, and CVE-2015-5157. Gosh, that's a familiar list of CVEs, and it sort of looks like the 'repeated CVEs' thing Ubuntu has done before. If you already applied the USN-2688-1 kernel and rebooted everything, it certainly sounds like you can skip USN-2700-1.
That would be a mistake. What Ubuntu is not bothering to mention in USN-2700-1 is that the 64-bit x86 kernels from USN-2688-1 had a bad bug. In that kernel, if a 32-bit program forks and then execs a 64-bit program the 64-bit program segfaults on startup; for example, a 32-bit shell will be unable to run any 64-bit programs (which will be most of them). This bug is the sole reason USN-2700-1 was issued (literally).
The USN-2700-1 text should come with a prominent notification to the effect of 'the previous update introduced a serious bug on 64-bit systems; we are re-issuing corrected kernels without this problem'. Ubuntu has put such notices on updates in the past so the idea is not foreign to them; they just didn't bother doing it this time around. As a result, people who may be affected by this newly introduced kernel bug do not necessarily know that this is their problem and they should update to the USN-2700-1 kernel to fix it.
(At best they may start doing a launchpad bug search and find the bug report. But I don't think it's necessarily all that likely, because the bug's title is not particularly accurate about what it actually is; 'Segfault in ld-2.19.so while starting Steam after upgrade to 3.13.0-59.98' does not point clearly to a 32-bit on 64-bit issue. It doesn't even mention 'on 64-bit platforms' in the description.)
Kernel update notices matter because people use them to decide whether or not to go through the hassle of a system reboot. If a notice is misleading, this goes wrong; people don't update and reboot when they really should. When there are bugs in a kernel update, as there were here, not telling people about them causes them to try to troubleshoot a buggy system without realizing that there is a simple solution.
(Lucky people noticed failures on the USN-2688-1 kernel right away, and so were able to attribute them to the just-done kernel update. But unlucky people will only run into this once in a while, when they run a rare lingering 32-bit program that does this, and so they may not immediately realize that it was due to a kernel update that might now be a week or two in the past.)
(See also a previous Ubuntu kernel update failure, from 2011.)