Some consumer SSDs are moving to a 4k 'advance format' physical block size
Earlier this month I wrote an entry about consumer SSD nominal physical block sizes, because I'd noticed that almost all of the recent SSDs we had advertised a 512 byte physical block size (the exceptions were Intel 'DC' SSDs). In that entry, I speculated that consumer SSD vendors might have settled on just advertising them as 512n devices and we'd see this on future SSDs too, since the advertised 'physical block size' on SSDs is relatively arbitrary anyways.
Every so often I write a blog entry that becomes, well, let us phrase it as 'overtaken by events'. Such is the case with that entry. Here, let me show you:
$ lsblk -o NAME,TRAN,MODEL,PHY-SEC --nodeps /dev/sdf /dev/sdg NAME TRAN MODEL PHY-SEC sdf sas Crucial_CT2050MX 512 sdg sas CT2000MX500SSD1 4096
The first drive is a 512n 2 TB Crucial MX300. We bought a number of them in the fall for a project, but then Crucial took them out of production in favour of the new Crucial MX500 series. The second drive is a 2TB Crucial MX500 from a set of them that we just started buying to fill out our drive needs for the project. Unlike the MX300s, this MX500 advertises a 4096 byte physical block size and therefor demonstrates quite vividly that the thesis of my earlier entry is very false.
(I have some 750 GB Crucial MX300s and they also advertise 512n physical block sizes, which led to a ZFS pool setup mistake. Fixing this mistake is now clearly pretty important, since if one of my MX300s dies I will probably have to replace it with an MX500.)
My thesis isn't just false because different vendors have made different decisions; this example is stronger than that. These are both drives from Crucial, and successive models at that; Crucial is replacing the MX300 series with the MX500 series in the same consumer market segment. So I already have a case where a vendor has changed the reported physical block size in what is essentially the same thing. It seems very likely that Crucial doesn't see the advertised physical block size as a big issue; I suspect that it's primarily set based on whatever the flash controller being used works best with or finds most convenient.
(By today, very little host software probably cares about 512n versus 4k drives. Advanced format drives have been around long enough that most things are probably aligning to 4k and issuing 4k IOs by default. ZFS is an unusual and somewhat unfortunate exception.)
I had been hoping that we could assume 512n SSDs were here to stay because it would make various things more convenient in a ZFS world. That is now demonstrably wrong, which means that once again forcing all ZFS pools to be compatible with 4k physical block size drives is very important if you ever expect to replace drives (and you should, as SSDs can die too).
PS: It's possible that not all MX500s advertise a 4k physical block size; it might depend on capacity. We only have one size of MX500s right now so I can't tell.